Also known as Builders Grade or strip (or flat) shingles, are the original and most basic of all asphalt shingle types. The name is derived from its traditional, flat look or style of cut. They are made from a single layer of asphalt material applied to durable fiberglass basemat. The asphalt material will then contain different colored granules giving the shingle its color.
Due to the shingle construction, they generally weigh and cost less than other asphalt shingles. Prior to designer shingles being introduced in the 1980s, strip shingles were the predominant roofing shingle in the market.
Today, 3-tab shingles are most often used by:
3-tab shingles have either a 20-Year, 25-Year, or 30-Year manufacturer’s warranty. The difference between the warranty time periods is simply the amount of asphalt material applied to the fiberglass backing. The thicker the shingle, the longer the warranty period.
Almost all 3-tab shingles, regardless of manufacturer (such as CertainTeed, GAF, or Owens Corning), shingle thickness or warranty period, will come with the industry standard of a Wind Warranty of up to 60 MPH and a 5-Year Algae Resistant warranty.
The biggest concerns that homeowners report regarding 3-tab shingles are the lack of aesthetic qualities as compared to their thicker architectural & luxury shingle counterparts, lower home values, and its durability. The flatter surface of the 3-tab shingle does not provide same level of curb appeal as the architectural or luxury shingles.
The lack of durability of the 3-tab shingle can be explained by the following:
In addition, you will always find a lower home value with a 3-tab shingle versus the other shingle types as a result of the weaker performance & durability, the lack of curb appeal, and the inferior warranty coverages. With each passing year, you will find fewer and fewer homes with a 3-tab shingle being installed in our area.
Also known as three dimensional or laminate shingles. These shingles are manufactured with two or more layers of asphalt that are fused together for a thicker and richer multi-dimensional appearance, and are engineered to replicate the wood shake and natural slate roofing aesthetics. Dimensional shingles are typically heavier than 3-tab shingles, and have improved warranty protection. CertainTeed’s Landmark® shingles are the prototypical design for a dimensional roofing shingle.
The Asphalt Roofing Manufacturers Association (ARMA) reports that architectural shingles are the most popular asphalt shingle used today in residential roofing due to several reasons:
Also known as designer shingles, luxury shingles are the highest-quality laminated shingles available, offering a differentiated appearance of colors, patterns, and functionality that outclasses any other asphalt shingle type. Luxury shingles are designed to replicate the look of a natural slate of cedar shake roof at a fraction of the cost.
Luxury shingles are an excellent roofing alternative for period-style, historic homes that typically look best with a slate of cedar shake roof style. The multi-dimensional texture of luxury shingles creates shadows, angles, and depths that offer that natural feel. These products offer
the most realistic representation of the old-world wood shake and quarried slate roofing.
Luxury shingles provide premium protection from the elements and weathering due to its extra weight. Luxury shingles are the heaviest asphalt shingle available today. In fact, they can weigh up to three  times as much per square versus the traditional 3-tab shingle option.
Luxury Shingle Advantages:
Despite all of the benefits & qualities of luxury shingles, there some negative points to address. However, it’s these disadvantages that give the luxury shingle its advantages.
Due to modern engineering techniques and the dynamic properties of asphalt, manufacturers are capable of producing numerous specialty products that exist across all shingle types. These include shingles that fight algae growth, provide enhanced resistance to damaging hail, and offer cool roof color technologies that reflect the radiant heat of the sun to keep homes more comfortable in the summer while reducing your air conditioning expenses. Depending on your location, choosing a specialty shingle can even reduce the cost of your insurance premium….(such as an impact-resistant shingle installed on a home in a hail zone). In addition, asphalt shingles are naturally fire resistant, making them an ideal choice for areas where wildfires are prominent.
Interested in exploring the different options available to you? Try out CertainTeed’s ColorView® home exterior visualizer tool – you can even upload a picture of your own home to try out different roofing, siding, paint and trim combinations to help bring your remodeling vision to reality. Treat your home as if it’s a blank canvas.